Jump directly to main content Jump directly to menu

What is Motor Neurone Disease?

Motor Neurone Disease (MND), commonly referred to as MND, is a complex neurodegenerative condition impacting the critical communication pathways linking the brain, spinal cord, and muscles. The degeneration of motor neurons in individuals affected by MND disrupts the transmission of neural signals, resulting in progressive muscle weakness and atrophy. Muscles weaken, stiffen and ultimately stop working, which affects walking, talking, eating, drinking and breathing. 

Regrettably, there is currently no cure for the disease and the prognosis for MND is notably challenging, with includes an average life expectancy of 27 months post-diagnosis. Symptoms are progressive but rates of deterioration vary hugely making the course of the disease difficult to predict. This uncertainty also makes the disease challenging from an emotional perspective, as well as from the perspective of future-proofing accessibility and other support needs ahead of time.  

While a definitive cure remains elusive, current therapeutic interventions aim to alleviate the burdensome impact on daily life.  

Our commitment to addressing MND is a unique all-embracing support system for the individual living with MND and their family. We invite your support in helping us to navigate the complexities of this condition. By fostering a collective approach, we strive to enhance understanding, offer compassionate care, and contribute to the advancement of solutions that improve the quality of life for those affected by this challenging neurodegenerative disorder. Your collaboration is pivotal in shaping a future where MND is met with resilience and compassion.

What are the Symptoms?  

 The manifestation of Motor Neurone Disease (MND) varies from person to person, and the sequence in which symptoms emerge can be distinct for each individual. Given the nature of the condition, characterised by muscle weakness and stiffness, essential functions such as walking, talking, eating, and drinking may be adversely affected. Early indicators of MND encompass:  


  • Tripping or encountering difficulty climbing stairs
  • A weakened grip, struggling, or challenges in opening jars or fastening buttons
  • Difficulty swallowing certain foods or presenting with slurred speech
  • Muscle cramping and twitching
  • Thinning of leg or arm muscles

Beyond the physical manifestations, MND may also instigate alterations in a person’s cognitive functions or behaviour. This could manifest as seemingly incongruent emotional responses, such as laughing or crying in situations that might be deemed inappropriate.  

In navigating the intricacies of MND, it is our unwavering commitment to provide comprehensive support, compassionate care, and reliable information. By fostering understanding and awareness, we strive to enhance the lives of those affected by this challenging condition.  

Who is affected by Motor Neurone Disease?  

Currently, Motor Neurone Disease (MND) affects around 5000 adults in the UK. There is a 1 in 300 chance of getting MND in one’s lifetime. MND is a condition that transcends various demographics, impacting individuals irrespective of age, gender, or ethnic background.

While it exhibits a broad reach, certain patterns and risk factors have been identified:  

  • Age

    Typically, MND becomes apparent between the ages of 40 and 70, with an average onset around 60. However, instances of onset at a younger age are not uncommon.

  • Gender

    Although both genders can be affected, there is a slightly higher incidence of MND in men.

  • Genetics

    While some cases may involve a genetic component, the majority are not inherited. A family history of MND, however, can elevate the risk.

  • Geography

    MND is a global phenomenon, yet variations in incidence exist. Studies hint at higher rates in specific regions, though the reasons for these geographical disparities remain unclear.

  • Occupational and Environmental Factors

    Investigations into potential links between certain occupations and MND are underway, but conclusive evidence is yet to be established. Exposure to specific environmental factors is also being explored as a potential contributing factor.

It’s crucial to emphasise that MND can affect anyone, and the root causes are often intricate and not entirely elucidated. Ongoing research aims to unravel more about the factors contributing to Motor Neurone Disease. If you or someone you know is exhibiting symptoms or harbours concerns about MND, seeking prompt medical advice is imperative for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Our commitment is unwavering in providing robust, bespoke support and information to those navigating the complexities of MND, which will vary depending upon individual needs and circumstances.